Saltwater bush

Another tough Rubiaceae species from the Turks and Caicos Islands is the saltwater bush or Rachicallis americana. The Rubiaceae can really thrive and diversify in harsh, sandy conditions!

The thin branches in the foreground are Rachicallis americana (Rubiaceae)

My family and I were walking around Chalk Sound, a large lagoon in southwest Providenciales. I kept seeing these scrubby plants with bright orange flowers. I looked through the Rubiaceae species list of the Flora of the West Indies Database (Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History) to identify these plants as saltwater bushes.

Saltwater bush flowers have four petals and four anthers, which is characteristic of the Rubiaceae. The petals turn red as the flowers age (Rachicallis americana, Rubiaceae)

Looking north over Chalk Sound. The water is so blue!

Rachicallis americana is native to the Caribbean, Central America and Mexico (Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Flora of the West Indies Database). Branches can be burned to produce smoke to repel insects (The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List: Rachicallis americana).

The small leaves and fuzzy stem of a saltwater bush help to prevent water loss from the sun, warm temperatures or salt spray (Rachicallis americana, Rubiaceae)

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